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Asia’s Seas Roar Anew: U.S. Maritime Challenges in the Indo-Asia Pacific

Satu Limaye (East-West Center) writes on three discontinuities affecting the future of the Indo-Pacific. He argues that new actors and evolving U.S. interests have caused a reframing of how the United States understands the geographical scope of its involvement in the region.

The Role of Energy in Disputes over the South China Sea

Writing for the Maritime Awareness Project, Mikkal E. Herberg (NBR) identifies the critical energy issues in the South China Sea and recommends that states downplay production disputes and focus on ensuring access to sea lanes.

Trade in Clean Energy: Bridging the Governance Gap

Christopher Dent and Clare Richardson-Barlow (University of Leeds) discuss the need for comprehensive governance of trade in clean energy and highlight the potential for cooperation between the WTO and the UNFCCC to better utilize clean energy trade to achieve climate goals.

Prices and Politics Dim Canada’s Hopes for Diversifying Its Energy Export Markets

Eva Busza and Heather Kincaide (Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada) discuss the impact of current market conditions on Canada’s efforts to diversify its energy exports away from the United States and toward the Asia-Pacific.

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Asia Policy Advance Release: A Global People’s Liberation Army

Kristen Gunness (Vantage Point Asia, LLC, and RAND) and Oriana Skylar Mastro (Georgetown University) identify five factors factors driving China's development of expeditionary military capabilities and develop a typology for the conditions under which Chinese leaders might choose to deploy them.

The Impact of Low Oil Prices on Natural Gas and the Implications for the Asia-Pacific

In a working paper commissioned for the 2016 Pacific Energy Summit, Xunpeng Shi (Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore) examines the current prolonged period of low oil prices and assesses its effect on the natural gas sector in the Asia-Pacific.

Asia's Multipolar Nuclear Future

Matthew Kroenig (Georgetown University) comments on the key issues examined in his NBR Special Report "Approaching Critical Mass: Asia's Multipolar Nuclear Future" and explains the practical implications of a multipolar nuclear order.

U.S.-China Maritime Relations after the Arbitration Decision

Nong Hong (Institute for China-America Studies) writes for the Maritime Awareness Project on the disputes dividing the United States and China in the South China Sea. She concludes that both sides can take steps to narrow the scope of their differences by separating inflated issues from real challenges.

Traditional Fishing Grounds and China’s Historic Rights Claims in the South China Sea

Taylor Fravel (MIT) illustrates the overlap between China and Indonesia’s maritime zones. He highlights how Chinese spokespersons’ rhetoric in response to recent incidents may provide clues as to how official thinking on the legality of China’s maritime claims has evolved.

New Report: "Approaching Critical Mass: Asia's Multipolar Nuclear Future"

In a new NBR Special Report, Matthew Kroenig (Georgetown University) explores the dynamics of a multipolar nuclear order in Asia and assesses the implications for U.S. foreign and defense policy.

The Rise of Chinese Innovation in the Life Sciences

The Chinese government is prioritizing the development of the country’s life science sector as a strategy for both improving public health and fostering economic growth. A new report examines China’s efforts to create a globally competitive environment for life science innovation and assesses the implications for industry and policy.

Coal, Gas, or Nuclear: Asia’s Inconvenient Energy Choice

In a working paper commissioned for the 2016 Pacific Energy Summit, Mark C. Thurber (Stanford University) considers the potential for natural gas and nuclear power to displace coal in key Asian and Pacific Rim countries and explores the policy levers that could enhance fuel switching.

Launch Event for "Approaching Critical Mass: Asia's Multipolar Nuclear Future"

Major General Clinton E. Crosier (U.S. Strategic Command) delivered keynote remarks at the Washington, D.C., launch of the NBR Special Report "Approaching Critical Mass: Asia's Multipolar Nuclear Future." Learn more.

Indonesia’s Gas Challenge: Can the Former LNG Champion Regain Its Leadership?

Donald Hertzmark (DMP Resources) discusses the opportunities for Indonesia to improve its production of liquefied natural gas. This is part of a series of briefs commissioned for the 2016 Pacific Energy Summit.

Japan’s Energy Security in the Age of Low Oil Prices

Shoichi Itoh (Institute of Energy Economics, Japan) evaluates how a prolonged period of lower oil prices has affected Japan’s energy security strategies. This is part of a series of briefs commissioned for the 2016 Pacific Energy Summit.

Maritime Awareness Project Portal

In partnership with Sasakawa USA, NBR has launched an innovative platform for analyses and data on maritime security called the Maritime Awareness Project (MAP). The MAP portal combines interactive mapping technology with analyses from leading maritime experts.

Energy Security and the Asia-Pacific: Course Reader

This special collection of essays from leading experts, selected from previous NBR publications, provides students with a strong foundation for understanding the trends and challenges shaping the energy security outlook for the Asia-Pacific and the world.

2016 Pacific Energy Summit

Media Roundtable Video

On the sidelines of the 2016 Pacific Energy Summit held from June 22 to 24 in Singapore, Channel News Asia's "Between the Lines" invited Summit speakers Ken Koyama, Institute of Energy Economics, Japan; Aldo Flores-Quiroga, International Energy Forum; Chen Weidong, DFS Energy Consultant (Beijing) Ltd; and Clara Gillispie (NBR) to discuss the impact of energy abundance on Asia’s energy future. See video of the discussion below.

Learn more at

The South China Sea Arbitration

The Republic of the Philippines v. The People’s Republic of China

The tribunal hearing the Philippines’ 15-claim arbitral case against China issued its award on the merits of the case on Tuesday, July 12, 2016. The tribunal found that China’s claims to historic rights within its nine-dash line in the South China Sea are incompatible with and superseded by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, and that no maritime feature in the Spratly Islands can generate an exclusive economic zone.

Access full text of the Award on NBR's website and read short expert commentaries assessing the court’s decision and its implications for other disputes in the South China Sea and elsewhere.

Interactive Map

Explore disputed features and maritime boundaries in the South China Sea with the interactive map at

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