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Maritime Security

November 2017

China’s Maritime Silk Road and Energy Geopolitics in the Indian Ocean: Motivations and Implications for the Region

Christopher Len


This essay examines how the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road under China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) relates to Beijing’s quest for energy security and draws implications for Japan, India, South Korea, and the U.S.

July 2017

Beyond Imposing Costs: Recalibrating U.S. Strategy in the South China Sea

Joel Wuthnow


This essay assesses how U.S. strategy in the South China Sea can be optimized to retain military superiority while addressing the risk of instability resulting from a clash with China.

January 2017

The Failure of Maritime Sanctions Enforcement against North Korea

Robert Huish


This article examines the ineffectiveness of current sanctions on marine traffic into the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) by identifying four weaknesses that allow traffic there to continue: flags of convenience, misidentification or false registration, offshore ownership, and shell-firm owners, managers, and insurers.

January 2017

Japan’s Coast Guard and Maritime Self-Defense Force in the East China Sea: Can a Black-and-White System Adapt to a Gray-Zone Reality?

Céline Pajon


This essay examines the need for growing coordination between the Japan Coast Guard (JCG) and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) to better cope with gray-zone situations.

August 2016

Declaring Consistent Commitments: U.S. Maritime Policy in the Asia-Pacific

Policy Q&A

Admiral Jonathan Greenert (ret.), former U.S. chief of naval operations, discusses U.S. maritime and security interests in the Asia-Pacific and provides recommendations on how to maintain regional stability and ensure commitments to allies in an interview with NBR.

July 2016

A Global People's Liberation Army: Possibilities, Challenges, and Opportunities

Kristen Gunness and Oriana Skylar Mastro


This article assesses the factors shaping whether China will develop significant military expeditionary capabilities, the conditions under which Chinese leaders may decide to use the military outside East Asia, and implications for the U.S.

July 2016

India and China at Sea: A Contest of Status and Legitimacy in the Indian Ocean

David Brewster, Abhijit Singh, Pramit Pal Chaudhuri, Raja Menon, Rory Medcalf, Zhu Li, Darshana M. Baruah, John W. Garver and You Ji


This Asia Policy roundtable brings together leading scholars and practitioners from India, China, the United States, and Australia to better understand Indian and Chinese perspectives about their respective roles and relationships in the Indo-Pacific maritime domain.

May 2016

India's Maritime Stakes in the South Asian Littoral


In light of recent developments in the waters around India, Abhijit Singh (Observer Research Foundation) looks at New Delhi’s maritime operations and partnerships in the context of South Asia’s evolving maritime politics.

April 2016

U.S.-China Relations in the Maritime Security Domain

Wang Dong and Christopher Yung


This essay examines the importance of the maritime domain to U.S. and Chinese national interests, discusses issues on which the two powers’ interests diverge, identifies areas for cooperation, and proposes potential mechanisms to manage maritime tensions.

January 2016

South Korea and the South China Sea: A Domestic and International Balancing Act

Lee Jaehyon


This essay is part of the roundtable "Non-claimant Perspectives on the South China Sea Disputes."

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China's Eurasian Century? Political and Strategic Implications of the Belt and Road Initiative

In this new monograph, Nadège Rolland (NBR) examines the drivers and goals of China’s Belt and Road Initiative and argues that the initiative reflects Beijing’s desire to shape Eurasia according to its own worldview and unique characteristics.

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Course Reader: Energy Security and the Asia-Pacific

This special collection of essays from leading experts, selected from previous NBR publications, provides students with a strong foundation for understanding the trends and challenges shaping the energy security outlook for the Asia-Pacific and the world.

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Understanding Strategic Cultures in the Asia-Pacific

Strategic Asia 2016–17: Understanding Strategic Cultures in the Asia-Pacific the sixteenth volume in the Strategic Asia series, examines how the region's major powers view international politics and the use of military force.

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Translations of NBR Publications

Chinese Translations

China's IP Transition: Rethinking Intellectual Property Rights in a Rising China
Richard P. Suttmeier and Xiangkui Yao
Full Text Chinese

Standards, Stakeholders, and Innovation: China's Evolving Role in the Global Knowledge Economy
Scott Kennedy, Richard P. Suttmeier and Jun Su
Full Text Chinese

Standards of Power? Technology, Institutions, and Politics in the Development of China's National Standards Strategy
Richard P. Suttmeier, Xiangkui Yao and Alex Zixiang Tan
Full Text Chinese

China's Post-WTO Technology Policy: Standards, Software, and the Changing Nature of Techno-Nationalism
Richard P. Suttmeier and Xiangkui Yao
Full Text Chinese

Regional Economic Implications of DPRK Security Behavior: The “Bold Switchover” Conference
Conference Report
Full Text Chinese

Japanese Translations

Japan’s Energy Security: Outlook and Implications
Mikkal Herberg, Edward Lincoln, and Michael Wallace
Full Text Japanese

Undernutrition: Creating New Reponses
Full Text Japanese

Vietnamese Translations

Powering Asia’s Growth: Meeting Rising Electricity Needs
Mikkal E. Herberg
Full Text Vietnamese

Electricity at the Right Price
Donald Hertzmark
Full Text Vietnamese

First Principles: Technology as an Enabler for Productive Power Markets
Peter Hughes, Scott Hare, and Maite Pina
Full Text Vietnamese

Case Study on Power Sector Restructuring in Vietnam
Nguyen Anh Tuan
Executive Summary Vietnamese

Prospects for Nuclear Energy in Asia
Hooman Peimani
Executive Summary Vietnamese

Taking Renewable Energy to Scale in Asia
Letha Tawney
Executive Summary Vietnamese

Principles of Successful Expansion of Rural Electrification Programs
Daniel Waddle
Executive Summary Vietnamese