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International Organizations

April 2017

Improving the Effectiveness of Sanctions against North Korea

Nam Hoon Cho


This essay assesses the early impact of sanctions on North Korea and suggests policy options for improving the efficacy of the sanctions regime.

April 2017

Tightening the Economic Noose on the North Korean Regime

Bruce Klingner


This essay examines recent efforts to strengthen sanctions against North Korea and argues that these measures must be augmented and more consistently implemented in order to change Pyongyang’s behavior.

April 2017

Avoiding Calamity: Preparing for a North Korean Collapse

Andrew Injoo Park and Kongdan Oh


This essay examines possible collapse scenarios for North Korea, considers the expected responses of regional stakeholders, and offers policy suggestions for the United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK).

January 2017

The Failure of Maritime Sanctions Enforcement against North Korea

Robert Huish


This article examines the ineffectiveness of current sanctions on marine traffic into the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) by identifying four weaknesses that allow traffic there to continue: flags of convenience, misidentification or false registration, offshore ownership, and shell-firm owners, managers, and insurers.

August 2016

Declaring Consistent Commitments: U.S. Maritime Policy in the Asia-Pacific

Policy Q&A

Admiral Jonathan Greenert (ret.), former U.S. chief of naval operations, discusses U.S. maritime and security interests in the Asia-Pacific and provides recommendations on how to maintain regional stability and ensure commitments to allies in an interview with NBR.

June 2016

Trade in Clean Energy: Bridging the Governance Gap


Christopher Dent and Clare Richardson-Barlow (University of Leeds) discuss the need for comprehensive governance of trade in clean energy and highlight the potential of cooperation between WTO and the UNFCCC to better utilize clean energy trade to achieve climate goals.

January 2016

ASEAN's Stakes: The South China Sea's Challenge to Autonomy and Agency

Alice D. Ba


This essay is part of the roundtable "Non-claimant Perspectives on the South China Sea Disputes."

December 2015

Climate Policy in the Asia-Pacific: Balancing Economic Growth with Environmental Sustainability


This essay is part of a Strategic Asia Program series on Trends and Indicators in the Asia-Pacific.

December 2015

ASEAN Economic Community Prepares for December Launch


In advance of the December 31, 2015, launch of the ASEAN Economic Community by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Rachel Wagley (NBR) looks at the obstacles to full integration that Southeast Asia still faces.

August 2015

India's Accession to the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

Policy Q&A

In this Q&A, NBR speaks with former Indian ambassador Phunchok Stobdan, a senior fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses in New Delhi, to better understand what SCO enlargement means for India.

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China's Eurasian Century? Political and Strategic Implications of the Belt and Road Initiative

In this new monograph, Nadège Rolland (NBR) examines the drivers and goals of China’s Belt and Road Initiative and argues that the initiative reflects Beijing’s desire to shape Eurasia according to its own worldview and unique characteristics.

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Course Reader: Energy Security and the Asia-Pacific

This special collection of essays from leading experts, selected from previous NBR publications, provides students with a strong foundation for understanding the trends and challenges shaping the energy security outlook for the Asia-Pacific and the world.

View the full table of contents


Understanding Strategic Cultures in the Asia-Pacific

Strategic Asia 2016–17: Understanding Strategic Cultures in the Asia-Pacific the sixteenth volume in the Strategic Asia series, examines how the region's major powers view international politics and the use of military force.

Learn more.

Translations of NBR Publications

Chinese Translations

China's IP Transition: Rethinking Intellectual Property Rights in a Rising China
Richard P. Suttmeier and Xiangkui Yao
Full Text Chinese

Standards, Stakeholders, and Innovation: China's Evolving Role in the Global Knowledge Economy
Scott Kennedy, Richard P. Suttmeier and Jun Su
Full Text Chinese

Standards of Power? Technology, Institutions, and Politics in the Development of China's National Standards Strategy
Richard P. Suttmeier, Xiangkui Yao and Alex Zixiang Tan
Full Text Chinese

China's Post-WTO Technology Policy: Standards, Software, and the Changing Nature of Techno-Nationalism
Richard P. Suttmeier and Xiangkui Yao
Full Text Chinese

Regional Economic Implications of DPRK Security Behavior: The “Bold Switchover” Conference
Conference Report
Full Text Chinese

Japanese Translations

Japan’s Energy Security: Outlook and Implications
Mikkal Herberg, Edward Lincoln, and Michael Wallace
Full Text Japanese

Undernutrition: Creating New Reponses
Full Text Japanese

Vietnamese Translations

Powering Asia’s Growth: Meeting Rising Electricity Needs
Mikkal E. Herberg
Full Text Vietnamese

Electricity at the Right Price
Donald Hertzmark
Full Text Vietnamese

First Principles: Technology as an Enabler for Productive Power Markets
Peter Hughes, Scott Hare, and Maite Pina
Full Text Vietnamese

Case Study on Power Sector Restructuring in Vietnam
Nguyen Anh Tuan
Executive Summary Vietnamese

Prospects for Nuclear Energy in Asia
Hooman Peimani
Executive Summary Vietnamese

Taking Renewable Energy to Scale in Asia
Letha Tawney
Executive Summary Vietnamese

Principles of Successful Expansion of Rural Electrification Programs
Daniel Waddle
Executive Summary Vietnamese