Indonesia in Transition: the 1999 Presidential Elections
Eric C. Thompson
The October 1999 meeting of Indonesia's People's Consultative Assembly (MPR) and its selection of the nation's fourth president capped a period of dramatic political transition sparked by the fall of President Suharto and his New Order regime in May 1998. This article provides a thought-provoking analysis of the way the two-dimensional political challenge of Islamic parties versus nationalists and the New Order against the Reform yielded a surprising presidential outcome. As the article details, the democratic transition has filled many Indonesians with renewed hope, despite the uncertainty of the process, while also posing monumental challenges to create national unity and a just political and economic order.