- NBR - The National Bureau of Asian Research

U.S.-China Relations: From Strategic Domains to the International System

On Tuesday, April 19, NBR, in partnership with the Institute for China-U.S. People-to-People Exchange at Peking University, convened a conference in Washington, D.C., on "U.S.-China Relations: From Strategic Domains to the International System." Leading experts, including former officials from the United States and China, addressed critical issues in U.S.-China relations and explored how potential conflict and cooperation in these areas could affect regional stability and the global order. The experts offered pragmatic recommendations for furthering bilateral cooperation as well as for managing tensions, or even crises.


"S. Korea, US, China should talk about how to handle N. Korea,"
in Korea Times, April 20, 2016

"Ex-admiral backs China for drill,"
in China Daily, April 20, 2016


The conference consisted of three panels and a keynote lunch address. The first panel featured current and former government officials from China and the United States who gave an overview of recent developments in U.S.-China relations and looked ahead to issues and challenges in bilateral relations. The second panel focused on U.S.-China relations in three strategic domains: space, cyberspace, and nuclear relations. In particular, this panel highlighted NBR’s new publication "U.S.-China Relations in Strategic Domains," a report coauthored by U.S. and Chinese experts that examines the challenges to further cooperation in four strategic domains (maritime, space, nuclear, and cyberspace) and two bilateral modes of exchange (military-to-military and people-to-people).

The lunch keynote remarks were delivered by Admiral Samuel J. Locklear III (ret.), former commander, U.S. Pacific Command. Admiral Locklear’s comments focused on critical issues on the horizon for U.S.-China relations and stressed the importance of cooperation in the bilateral relationship. The final panel of the conference discussed China’s rise and integration into the international system and the implications for how the United States and China interact on global issues and governance. Specific topics addressed included the two countries’ differing perspectives on China’s role in the international system at large, on international governance of the life science sector, and on China’s One Belt, One Road initiative.

As China rises, Beijing and Washington are struggling to establish a common foundation on which to expand and deepen their bilateral relationship. While both sides seem to agree on the general importance of cooperating on global issues and managing competition, there is a need for more dialogue on how this goal can be achieved. This conference and the findings of the NBR report will help U.S. and Chinese policymakers and strategists identify the terms and conditions through which the two sides can better understand one another, avoid conflict, and enable cooperation across a range of critical issues and in global governance.


9:00–10:15 a.m. | PANEL ONE

The Broad Contours of U.S.-China Relations


Wang Dong
Peking University

Jia Qingguo
Peking University

Robert Sutter
George Washington University

Yao Yunzhu
PLA Academy of Military Sciences

Bruce MacDonald
Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies

10:30 a.m.–12:00 p.m. | PANEL TWO

U.S.-China Relations in Strategic Domains — Space, Cyber, and Nuclear


Travis Tanner
100,000 Strong Foundation

Brian Weeden
Secure World Foundation

Adam Segal
Council on Foreign Relations

Elbridge Colby
Center for a New American Security

Zhang Tuosheng
China Foundation for International Strategic Studies

Jia Qingguo
Peking University

12:00–1:00 p.m. | LUNCH KEYNOTE

Critical Issues on the Horizon of U.S.-China Relations


Roy Kamphausen
The National Bureau of Asian Research

Admiral Samuel J. Locklear III (ret.)
former commander, U.S. Pacific Command

1:15–2:30 p.m. | PANEL THREE

U.S.-China Relations in International Systems and Governance


Tiffany Ma
The National Bureau of Asian Research

Jia Qingguo
Peking University

Zhu Yinghuang
China Daily

Benjamin Shobert
The National Bureau of Asian Research

Nadège Rolland
The National Bureau of Asian Research