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2017 Energy Security Workshop

Asia's Energy Security and China’s "Belt and Road" Initiative

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On June 7, NBR and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars co-hosted the thirteenth annual Energy Security Workshop, "Asia’s Energy Security and China's 'Belt and Road' Initiative."

Under Xi Jinping, Beijing has launched its ambitious "Belt and Road" Initiative, which envisions an enormous expansion of China’s investment, trade, and diplomatic engagement across the Eurasian continent, as well as through the Indo-Pacific sea lanes from China all the way to the Middle East and Europe. The "belt" will expand China’s trade and investment overland to Central Asia and Europe through a Silk Road Economic Belt, while the “road” involves building a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road that will allow China to project economic, energy, and geopolitical influence throughout the South and East China Seas, the Indian Ocean, and the Middle East.

The Belt and Road is a far-reaching initiative, and its energy dimensions promise to substantially affect the future trade, investment, geopolitical, and environmental dynamics of the East Asian and Eurasian regions. Yet there has been relatively little analysis in the West, especially in the United States, of the implications of the initiative for energy security.

Event Sponsors

Asian Development Bank

Chevron

ConocoPhillips

ExxonMobil

Hanyang University, Center for Energy Governance & Security

Korea Energy Economics Institute

With these concerns in mind, the 2017 Energy Security Workshop examined:

  • Oil and gas projects under the Belt and Road and the impact on China’s national oil companies, international oil companies, and commercial energy relations
  • How the Silk Road Economic Belt affects Beijing's Eurasian continental energy access strategies and influences China’s energy security, investment strategy, and diplomatic relations with Central Asia, Russia, and South Asia
  • The role of energy and power projects in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor
  • How the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road affects Beijing's Indo-Pacific energy import strategy and the implications for Asia’s maritime and energy security.

Kindly note that the Energy Security Workshop is held under Chatham House Rule.




8:30-9:00 a.m. | REGISTRATION AND LIGHT REFRESHMENTS




9:00-9:10 a.m. | WELCOME AND INTRODUCTION



    Clara GILLISPIE, The National Bureau of Asian Research

    Michael KUGELMAN, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars



9:10-9:40 a.m. | SPECIAL PRESENTATION

Mapping China's "Belt and Road"



Introduction:

    Mikkal E. HERBERG, The National Bureau of Asian Research


Remarks:

    Nadège ROLLAND, The National Bureau of Asian Research



9:40–10:50 a.m. | PANEL ONE

Oil and Gas Projects under the Belt and Road Initiative and the Role of China's NOCs: Prospects for Investment and Engagement



Moderator:

    Mikkal E. HERBERG, The National Bureau of Asian Research


Author:

    Erica DOWNS, CNA Corporation


Discussants:

    Edward C. CHOW, Center for Strategic and International Studies

    Tanvi MADAN, Brookings Institution



10:50–11:00 a.m. | BREAK




11:00 a.m.–12:30 p.m. | PANEL TWO

Asia's Energy Security and China's "Silk Road Economic Belt"



Moderator:

    Mikkal E. HERBERG, The National Bureau of Asian Research


Authors:

    Michael KUGELMAN, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

    Kaho YU, Harvard Kennedy School


Discussants:

    Clara GILLISPIE, The National Bureau of Asian Research

    Jane NAKANO, Center for Strategic and International Studies

    ZHAO Hongtu, China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR)



12:30–1:30 p.m. | LUNCH AND KEYNOTE

Strengthening Maritime Security in the Indo-Pacific



Introduction:

    Andy NGUYEN, The National Bureau of Asian Research


Remarks:

    Admiral Jonathan W. GREENERT (ret.), 30th Chief of Naval Operations, U.S. Navy;
    Shali Chair in National Security Studies, The National Bureau of Asian Research



1:30–2:50 p.m. | PANEL THREE

Asia's Energy Security and China's "Maritime Silk Road"



Moderator:

    Roy KAMPHAUSEN, The National Bureau of Asian Research


Author:

    Christopher LEN, National University of Singapore
    (as presented by Clara Gillispie)


Discussants:

    Mikkal E. HERBERG, The National Bureau of Asian Research

    Harry KREJSA, Center for a New American Security

    Christopher D. YUNG, Marine Corps University



2:50-3:20 p.m. | KEYNOTE REMARKS

Energy, Trade, and U.S.-China Economic Relations



Introduction:

    Clara GILLISPIE, The National Bureau of Asian Research


Remarks:

    Congressman Charles W. BOUSTANY Jr., MD, Former Representative, Louisiana’s 3rd District; Counselor, The National Bureau of Asian Research



3:20-3:30 p.m. | CONCLUSION




Event Co-Hosts

Background: Energy Security Program

Now in its thirteenth year, NBR's Energy Security Program convenes top energy and geopolitical experts from industry, research, and policy for an assessment of the developments taking place in Asian energy markets and their implications for geopolitics. To inform and strengthen the public policy dialogue, experts share insights and recommendations through a number of channels, including an invitation-only spring workshop, the annual Energy Security Report, and a public launch event in the fall.

Learn more about NBR's Energy Security Program.


The 2016 Energy Security Report "Asia’s Energy Security amid Global Market Change" examines shifts in global oil and LNG market outlooks, the geopolitical implications for the Asia-Pacific, and options for strengthening energy and environmental policy across the region. Learn more.



Energy Security in the Asia-Pacific

Channel News Asia's Between the Lines interviewed 2016 Pacific Energy Summit speakers Ken Koyama (Institute of Energy Economics, Japan), Aldo Flores-Quiroga (International Energy Forum), Chen Weidong (DFS Energy Consultant Ltd), and Clara Gillispie (NBR) on the sidelines of the Summit. Watch the episode.

Contact

For more information, please contact:

Andy Nguyen
Senior Project Manager,
Trade, Economic, and Energy Affairs
(202) 347-9767 eta@nbr.org