http://www.nbr.org - NBR - The National Bureau of Asian Research

Impact & Innovation Series

CHA’s Impact & Innovation Series is a compilation of visionary thought pieces from global leaders and experts. Each lays out a conceptual foundation and forward-looking, personal vision for the key issues and challenges facing global health today.

Each contribution focuses on a unique area for creative innovation and impact.

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CHA@nbr.org

China's Air Pollution Problems

Stevan Harrell (University of Washington), Isabel Hilton (chinadialogue.net), and Bryan Tilt (Oregon State University) comment on issues raised in an earlier interview with Daniel K. Gardner (Smith College). This roundtable questions whether the United States is part of the problem, looks at the role of civil society, and considers costs and benefits of hydropower as an alternative energy source in China.

Media and Mental Health: Breaking Down Stigma and Challenging Inaccuracies

At the 2012 Pacific Health Summit, many health journalists expressed their frustration about the lack of support for quality reporting on mental health and the need to better inform policymakers and the public about this issue. This report gathers insights from leading health journalists and media representatives on the role of media in raising awareness about mental health issues.

The Importance of Failure in the Creation and Implementation of Affordable Technology for Health

In a discussion at the 2012 Pacific Health Summit, participants identified one of the main challenges of innovation: that technology can fail. But failure, and how we deal with failure, is an integral part of the process of using technology to change outcomes. This is a collection of compelling persepctives drawing on the discussion.

Harnessing Technology to Strengthen Accountability

Stemming from a workshop session at the 2012 Pacific Health Summit on “Affordability and Technologies for Health,” this report examines how technology is empowering patients to take control of their health and is increasing health providers’ access to information that improves care and delivery.

Strengthening Regulatory Frameworks to Fuel Health Technology Innovation

How are regulatory inefficiencies impeding health technology innovation, and what regulatory elements should be addressed? As a follow-up to regulatory discussions that took place at the 2012 Pacific Health Summit, NBR spoke with global health leaders who addressed these issues and more.

Improving Nutrition: Early Childhood Development and Mobile Health

Millions of children suffer from stunted physical growth and impaired cognitive ability due to lack of nutrient rich foods. Experts from World Vision International discuss the importance of early childhood nutrition and recent developments in mobile technologies that may provide powerful solutions for undernutrition in resource poor settings.

Matching Realism with Aspiration: Challenges and Successes in the Use of Technology for Global Health

Why is it important to bring practical expectations to any discussion about technology’s potential to aid in global health? In this Technologies for Health Roundtable, three leaders—from academia, and the nonprofit and private sectors—address this question and more, including the challenges of introducing a new health technology to a rural community and examples of successful projects.

Perspectives from Industry: Tiered Pricing and Vaccine Access

Three pharmaceutical leaders offer their perspectives on the challenges of improving access to vaccines in low- and middle-income countries. With a realistic take on the complexities inherent to vaccine research, development, and procurement, they discuss key factors that must be addressed to ensure global access to critical vaccines.

Preparing for the Global Market: China’s Expanding Role as a Vaccine Manufacturer

At the 2011 Pacific Health Summit on vaccines, Chinese industry and government leaders discussed the outward-facing trends of the booming industry and China's latest efforts to meet international regulatory standards. The workshop report examines the forces behind China’s recent enormous growth in vaccine manufacturing and the implications for global health.

Driving Vaccine Confidence

What are key factors behind society’s faith in the efficacy of life-saving vaccines? This report from a plenary session of the 2011 Pacific Health Summit highlights a discussion between global leaders on this topic, as well as how effective communication efforts can address vaccine confidence concerns when they do occur.

Universal Health Coverage and Immunization: Mutual Reinforcement for a Healthier World

This report highlights key themes and outcomes from an energetic discussion between key leaders in global health on the synergies between the universal health coverage movement and the global push for wider immunization coverage in Asia and around the globe. This conversation originally took place at a workshop of the 2011 Pacific Health Summit on vaccines.

The Potential of Technology to Transform Maternal and Newborn Health

This Q&A discussion features key leaders from different sectors examining the potential of innovative, appropriate tools to improve maternal and newborn health (MNH), as well as the business models that can effectively deliver these innovations to markets in Asia and around the globe. The conversation originally took place at a workshop of the 2010 Pacific Health Summit on Maternal and Newborn Health.

The Business Case: Why and How Should Industry Engage in Maternal and Newborn Health?

Why does the role of industry matter in maternal and newborn health (MNH) and how can the private sector best engage in this field? This Business Case report provides resources and recommendations for how and why industry players can partner with MNH organizations—using a business-centric approach.

Immunization Effectiveness in India: The Less Understood Dimensions

Is vaccine effectiveness dependent only on the quality of the vaccine and cold chain reliability, or more broadly on how well health systems deliver? Dr. KV Balasubramaniam explores critical aspects of vaccine delivery, arguing that more attention and resources should be devoted to improving delivery systems to ensure the full benefits of vaccination reaches those who need it most.

Delivering on the Promise of Vaccines: Strengthening the Continuum from R&D to Delivery to Eradication

How can we simplify the path and reduce the time it takes to bring effective vaccines from the lab to the clinic? Dr. Seth Berkley, President and Founder of IAVI and incoming CEO of the GAVI Alliance, posits that concerted efforts in several areas, including improved information-sharing, leveraging emerging economies’ capacity, and expanding financing mechanisms, are critical to helping ensure that all vaccines will reach those who need them most.

Japan's Evolving Role in Global Health

What role has Japan historically played in the global health arena and what influences Japan’s involvement today? Mr. Rayden Llano and Dr. Kenji Shibuya (The University of Tokyo) discuss the key challenges and recommend reforms to help reposition Japan as a prominent leader in the global health field, regardless of the disaster the country suffered in March.

Maximizing Every Dose and Dollar: The Imperative of Efficiency in Vaccine Delivery

Are vaccine supply chain systems prepared to handle the vaccines of the next decade? This thought piece argues that seemingly simple and well-run vaccine supply chain and delivery systems are in reality quite complex and that these systems will need systematic overhauling to deliver on the lifesaving potential of these incoming innovations.

Another Tsunami Warning: Caring for Japan’s Elderly

Japan’s elderly were hardest hit by the recent tragedy. How does their experience mirror an ongoing crisis of Japan’s demographic shift? Who will care for the caregivers in the future, and is this a global demographic shift? Read this expert brief written by Michael Birt.

Unique Voices on Universal Health Coverage

This Q&A documents critical voices from science, industry, health economics, and policy on issues surrounding, and implications of, global universal health coverage. The in-person conversation between leaders quoted took place at a workshop at the 2010 Pacific Health Summit entitled “Universal Health Coverage: Discussion highlights from a 2010 Pacific Health Summit workshop.”

In Defense of Health, Beyond Humanitarianism: Marketing Vaccines as National Security Products

Arguing that vaccine-preventable diseases erode both human and economic development and should be viewed as enemies, Dr. Najwa Khuri-Bulos challenges the global health community to market vaccines as inexpensive weapons for national security.

Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Through a Health Literacy Lens

A collection of thoughtful voices from leaders across sectors exploring the key successes and challenges, and potential of partnerships in promoting the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). The discussion originally took place at a workshop of the 2010 Pacific Health Summit on Maternal and Newborn Health.