- NBR - The National Bureau of Asian Research

Energy Security Program

NBR would like to thank our sponsors:

Dramatic developments are taking place in Asian energy markets with critical geopolitical, economic, and environmental implications. Energy demand is rising relentlessly across Asia, leading to increasing dependence on energy imports and a growing sense of energy insecurity among the major Asian powers.

The United States has a major stake in preventing competition over energy and commodities from fueling regional strategic distrust or increasing market volatility.

To address these issues, NBR’s Energy Security Program convenes senior policy and industry leaders and Asia energy specialists to engage in high-level discussions of Asia’s energy policies and their implications for geopolitics. Experts share insights and recommendations through a number of channels, including an invitation-only spring workshop, NBR’s annual Energy Security Report, and a public fall launch.

2015 Energy Security Program

Indonesia: A Regional Energy Leader in Transition

The 2015 Energy Security Program, "Indonesia: A Regional Energy Leader in Transition,” will examine the key energy and environmental security challenges facing Indonesia and explore strategies for promoting greater access to energy while stimulating sustainable sector investment. The Program will feature a high-level workshop co-hosted by the US-ASEAN Business Council on July 23, and a Capitol Hill launch for this year’s Energy Security Report in the fall. Learn more.


For more information about NBR’s Energy Security Program, including program roundtables, ongoing research, and sponsorship opportunities, please contact:

Clara Gillispie
Director of Trade, Economic, and Energy Affairs


For a printable overview of NBR's Energy Security Program and past research themes, download the Energy Security Program overview.

China’s Energy Crossroads: NBR’s 2014 Energy Security Report

China has emerged as the world’s single largest energy consumer. In this NBR Special Report, four senior specialists examine major shifts underway in China’s energy security strategies and assess how the country is affecting market, geopolitical, and environmental outlooks for the Asia-Pacific more broadly. Read the report.

China’s Energy Hedging Strategy: Less Than Meets the Eye for Russian Gas Pipelines

Amy Myers Jaffe, Kenneth Medlock III, and Meghan O’Sullivan argue that, despite the rhetoric, Russia’s pivot to Asia is unlikely to result in a grand energy-based strategic alliance between China and Russia.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership as a Pathway for U.S. Energy Exports to Japan

Can one of the Asia-Pacific’s strongest alliances also make good on its potential for expanded energy trade? Tom Cutler (Cutler International, LLC) examines the outlook for increased U.S.-Japan trade in coal, oil, and LNG and what role the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) might have in expanding the U.S.-Japan energy relationship.

2014 Energy Security Report Launch

On November 18, NBR and the Henry M. Jackson Foundation co-hosted a Capitol Hill launch for NBR’s 2014 Energy Security Report. This event featured panel discussions with Admiral Dennis C. Blair (Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA; NBR Board of Directors), Chen Weidong (CNOOC Energy Economics Institute), Erica Downs (Eurasia Group), Craig Gannett (Henry M. Jackson Foundation), Mikkal Herberg (NBR), and Li Zhidong (Nagaoka University of Technology). Learn more.

2014 Energy Security Workshop: China’s Energy Crossroads

On June 5, NBR and the Wilson Center convened senior energy and geopolitical specialists to detail major shifts underway in China’s energy security strategies, as well as how the country will impact market, geopolitical, and environmental outlooks for the Asia-Pacific more broadly. Learn more.

Mikkal E. Herberg Testifies before the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific

On May 29, 2014, Mikkal E. Herberg testified before the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs’s Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific at a hearing on "Energy Needs in Asia: The U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Option." View the webcast or read his prepared remarks.

2013 Energy Security Report

"Asia's Uncertain LNG Future" explores how and to what extent countries in the Asia-Pacific are integrating liquefied natural gas into their energy security strategies and discusses key geopolitical and market implications for the United States and Asia.

2013 Energy Security Report Launch

On November 7, NBR hosted a Capitol Hill release for the 2013 Energy Security Report, “Asia’s Uncertain LNG Future,” featuring panel discussions with senior energy specialists Mikkal Herberg (NBR), Shoichi Itoh (Institute of Energy Economics, Japan), Jane Nakano (CSIS), Padu S. Padmanaban (formerly with USAID India), James Slutz (Global Energy Strategies LLC), and Nikos Tsafos (PFC Energy/IHS).

Reforming Japan's Electricity Sector

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has advocated for deregulation of the electricity sector as a way to bring in new market players, reduce energy costs, and promote clean and renewable energy innovation. Koichiro Ito (Boston University School of Management) discusses the political challenges of deregulation and what is at stake for Japan’s economic and energy future.

Mikkal Herberg on China's Energy Future

Mikkal Herberg (NBR) discusses the state of China's energy policy and the changes China needs to make for its future energy security in a video available from the University of Southern California's U.S.-China Institute website.

2013 Energy Security Workshop - Asia’s Uncertain LNG Future

On June 21, NBR convened senior energy and geopolitical specialists to explore how and to what extent countries in the Asia-Pacific are integrating liquefied natural gas into their energy security strategies and the key implications for the United States and Asia. Learn more.

2012 Energy Security Report

“Oil and Gas for Asia: Geopolitical Implications of Asia’s Rising Demand” examined how Asia’s rising energy demand, coupled with angst over high prices and the reliability of future supplies, is shaping the strategic and economic agendas of the region’s major powers.

Lessons Learned from Fukushima

On October 16, 2012, NBR partnered with the Congressional Study Group on Japan and the U.S.-Japan Council for an off-the-record briefing hosted by the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works to discuss the Diet of Japan's Fukushima Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission findings with its chairman Kiyoshi Kurokawa and Charles Ferguson (Federation of American Scientists).

AUDIO - Oil and Gas for Asia

Audio from the 2012 Energy Security Report launch event "Oil and Gas for Asia: Geopolitical Implications of Asia’s Rising Demand" features Under Secretary of State Robert D. Hormats, Congressman Charles W. Boustany Jr., and a panel of experts. The discussion took place on September 20 in Washington, D.C.

Pakistan’s Energy Crisis

An acute ongoing energy crisis poses serious threats to Pakistan’s feeble economy and national security environment. Michael Kugelman (Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars) examines the origins of the country’s energy problems, prevailing hurdles to reform, and potential impact of the upcoming general elections.

Implications of Japan’s Changing Demographics

Senior demographic and economic experts Nicholas Eberstadt and Richard Katz were joined by leaders of policy, industry, and government for an exclusive informed discussion on Japan’s demographic outlook and the implications for its economy, security, and alliance with the United States. Read the roundtable report of the October 10, 2012, discussion.

The Shale Gas Revolution: Implications for U.S. and Canadian Energy Policy and Asian Energy Security

Asia is looking toward North America to help diversify energy imports and fill growing demand. James Slutz discusses the implications of North American oil and natural gas exports to Asia on U.S. energy and foreign policy.

The Debate over Rare Earths: Recent Developments in Industry and the WTO Case

In March 2012, the United States, European Union, and Japan filed a complaint in the WTO against China’s rare earth trade practices. Experts Yufan Hao and Jane Nakano assess the context, possible consequences, and implications of this case—for China, the rare earth industry, and global trade and politics.

Japan's Energy Security: Outlook and Implications

Senior energy and economic experts Mikkal Herberg, Edward Lincoln, and Michael Wallace were joined by key industry leaders, policymakers, and government representatives for an intimate and informed discussion on Japan’s new energy outlook in the wake of the Fukushima disaster. Read a summary of the January 25 roundtable discussion.

Oil and Gas for Asia - 2012 Energy Security Workshop

On May 11, NBR and the Woodrow Wilson Center convened senior experts for an in-depth assessment of how Asia’s rising demand for oil and gas is affecting strategic and economic agendas in Asia and the United States. Access workshop presentations, photos, and event materials.

Testimony: China’s Global Quest for Resources and Implications for the United States

On January 26, NBR’s Mikkal Herberg testified before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission on how China's increasing demand for oil affects global energy security. His testimony explores the issue of resource nationalism and identifies strategies for enhancing U.S. engagement with China. Access his testimony and the hearing video.

2011 Energy Security Report

"Asia's Rising Energy and Resource Nationalism" analyzes major risks emanating from Asia's growing insecurity and focuses on connections between energy insecurity and control of major sea lanes, the impact of Asia’s national oil companies on the global industry, and the emergence of rare earth elements as an arena for national competition. Read now.

Asia’s Rising Energy and Resource Nationalism - Event Video and Photos

On September 22, NBR and the Henry M. Jackson Foundation hosted a launch for the 2011 Energy Security Report featuring remarks by Senator Lisa Murkowski and Congressman Adam Smith and a panel discussion of developments taking place in Asian energy markets. Access video, photos, the report, and other event materials.

2011 Energy Security Conference

Governments throughout the Asia-Pacific are sponsoring increasingly nationalistic, competitive strategies to secure access to oil, gas, and minerals. On May 4, policymakers, industry leaders, and other stakeholders concerned with the future of Asian energy and resource markets gathered in Washington, D.C., to analyze the nature and implications of these new strategies.

Rare Earth Elements and Asia's Resource Nationalism

Rare earth elements play a critical role in many cutting-edge technologies, giving China potential political and diplomatic leverage as the primary production market for these natural resources. Yufan Hao and Jane Nakano offer Chinese and Japanese perspectives on this issue and the implications of rare earth elements for Asia's resource nationalism.

2010 Energy Security Conference and Report

The 2010 Energy Security Conference focused on the theme "Pipeline Politics in Asia: The Intersection of Demand, Energy Markets, and Supply Routes" and explored the implications of pipeline developments in Northeast Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Learn more about the conference and read the 2010 Conference Report.

2009 Energy Security Conference and Report

Representatives from corporations, government, and academia met on May 18-19, 2009 in Washington, D.C. for NBR's fifth annual Energy Security Conference, "The New Energy Silk Road: The Growing Asia-Middle East Energy Nexus." Panelists explored the likely evolution of Asia's involvement in Middle East oil and gas development for the future. Learn more about the conference and read the 2009 Conference Report.

2008 Energy Security Conference

On April 29–30, 2008 representatives from corporations, government, and academia convened in Washington, D.C. for NBR’s fourth annual Energy Security Conference, “Opportunities and Constraints: Prospects for Russian Oil and Gas Supply to Asia.” Participants examined a range of issues including the role of energy in Russia’s strategic vision, regional perspectives on Russia as a reliable energy supplier, and implications for U.S. policy in the region.

2007 Energy Security Conference

NBR, together with the National Defense University, convened top energy and geopolitical experts, government policymakers and analysts, and leaders from international energy companies in Washington, D.C., to examine the strategic and competitive implications of the rise of Asia’s national oil companies.

NBR's Mikkal Herberg Testifies for Congressional Commission

Mikkal Herberg, Research Director on Asian energy security at NBR, testified in front of the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission in June 2007 on China's energy consumption and effects of its energy use. Read Mr. Herberg's written testimony.